Does Senegal Require a Visa?
According to the visa procedure applied by Senegal; Bordeaux (Ordinary) passport holders are subject to a visa. Green (Special), Gray (Service), Black (Diplomatic) passport holders are exempt from visa for their 90-day stay in Senegal.
Citizens of the Republic of Turkey who want to travel to Senegal must have yellow fever vaccination and present the original of this vaccination card to the Senegalese Embassy during visa applications.
Passport holders who are exempt from visa, They are obliged to have their yellow fever vaccinations and to present their vaccination card to the Customs Police at the time of entry into the country.
Where to Get Senegal Visa?
It is made to the Senegalese Embassy in Ankara.
Senegal Embassy in Ankara provides service every weekday from 10:00 to 17:00, except for public holidays.
Persons who want to apply for a Senegal visa should apply in person to the Consular unit of the Embassy.
How to Get Senegal Visa?
Senegal has a tourist visa application. Apart from this visa, visas are issued in the types of Commercial, Visiting Friends and working visas.
Senegal does not have a visa application at the gate. For this reason, people who want to travel to Senegal must obtain their visa from the Senegalese Embassy through authorized travel agencies before their travel.
How Many Days Does Senegal Visa Take?
Senegal visa application varies according to the density of the consular unit. Senegal visa applications are finalized in an average of 2-4 working days.
Senegal Visa Photo Size
For the Senegal visa application, four identical photographs are required. There is no measurement feature in the photographs submitted during the visa application to Senegal. However, the background colors of the photos must be white and have not been used before.
Photographs that are faded, worn, wet, discolored or used in colors other than white in the photographic background will not be accepted during the application.
Senegal Visa Application Form
The Senegal Visa Application form is a very easy form to fill and has been prepared in French-Turkish languages. The application form consisting of 24 questions must be filled in completely. At the bottom of the form, the date of visa application should be written as day-month-year and signed by the applicant.
REQUIRED DOCUMENTS FOR SENEGAL VISA
SENEGAL TOURISTIC VISA
• 2 photographs
• Photocopy of identify card
• Flight and Hotel Reservations
SENEGAL COMMERCIAL VISA
• Visa request petition addressed to the Consulate General of Senegal, signed by the signatory authority and stamped on Company letterhead in English or French
• 2 photographs
• Invitation Card (with English Translation)
• Photocopy of the company's signature circular
• Activity certificate and Chamber Registry certificate
• Tax Certificate Photocopy
• Photocopy of the Trade Registry Gazette
• Photocopy of identify card
• Flight and Hotel Reservations
(French: le Sénégal), officially the Republic of Senegal (French: République du Sénégal), is a country in West Africa, south of the Senegal River. Senegal has a border of 531 km with the Atlantic Ocean in the west, 813 km in Mauritania in the north, 419 km in Mali in the east, 330 km in Guinea in the south and 338 km in Guinea-Bissau. The total border length of Senegal is 3171 km, including the Atlantic Ocean. Cape Verde Islands are 560 km off the coast of Senegal. The Gambia is in an enclave that extends 300 km into this country.
The capital of the country is Dakar. Dakar was established on the Cap-Vert peninsula, which is located in the westernmost part of the country and the African continent. Various colonial colonies were established in Senegal, which has a 531 km coast to the Atlantic Ocean. Gorée Island, located 300 meters off Dakar, was used for the slave trade in the 19th century, but today it is used as a tourist destination to show the horrors of the slave trade to the whole world.
Senegal gained its independence from France on April 4, 1960 .
History change source]
Archaeological findings throughout the region show that Senegal was also inhabited in prehistoric times. The first known inhabitants of Senegal are the Takruri. In the 11th century, they accepted Islam. The Portuguese had some colonies on the banks of the Senegal River in the 15th century, and the first French settlement was in St Louis in 1659. Located in the north-west of the country, the city of St. Louis was the capital of the French West African Colonial Colony, and in 1902 the capital was moved to Dakar.
The British attacked Senegal at various times for colonial purposes; but in 1840 France occupied Senegal and in 1895 made it part of the French West African Colony. Senegal became an overseas territory of France in 1946, along with other parts of the French West African Colony. In early 1960 they formed a federated federation with Mali; but this federation collapsed within 4 months.
Senegal, which is in a strategically important place, played an important role in African politics with its independence on April 4, 1960. As a 90% black and Muslim nation, it has been a diplomatic and cultural bridge between the Islamic-African world.
After gaining its independence, Senegal entered its democratic life under the influence of France. Léopold Sédar Senghor became the first head of state, and an attempted revolution was foiled in 1963 . Between 1963 and 1970 the office of prime minister was abolished. Until his voluntary retirement in 1981, Senghor played a pivotal role in the country's political life. After Senghor, Abdou Diouf became the head of state. Between 1983 and 1991, the office of prime minister was abolished for the second time.
Abdou Diouf was president between 1981 and 2000. Diouf promoted wider political participation and sought to reduce government involvement in the economy, strengthening its relations with other developing countries. At times, he had troubles over domestic politics, violence on the streets, border tensions, and violent separatist movements in the southern region of Casamance. Still, he remained committed to democracy and strengthened human rights. Diouf served four terms as president.
In 1999, opposition leader Abdoulaye Wade defeated Diouf in an election that international observers deemed free and fair. Senegal experienced a peaceful transition from one political party to another. On December 30, 2004, President Abdoulaye Wade announced that he wanted to sign a peace treaty with the separatist group in the Casamance region, but the implementation phase could not be reached. Negotiations were accelerated in 2005, but still no result.
Economy change source]
An important part of cultivated land in Senegal is devoted to peanuts. In addition, millet, rice, cotton and sugarcane are grown. Plenty of fish are caught. Its most developed industries are peanut oil processing and fish canning.
In 1973, Senegal and other West African countries formed the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Due to the rise in the prices of petroleum and Senegal's largest export product, peanuts, it caused bad fluctuations in the economy in the 1970s, so Senegal had to turn to new industries such as tourism and fishing.
The tourism sector can be counted among the most important foreign exchange generating items for the country. The process that started in the 1970s became an important foreign exchange generating item. Dakar, Thiès and Ziguinchor are the regions where there is activity in tourism. The majority of incoming tourists are European, and more than half are French.
Geography change source]
A Landscape from the Casamance Region
Except in its southeast, Senegal is a fairly flat and low country. Its climate is very hot. Mastic trees and mimosa grow in the north, and acacia trees, from which gum arabic is extracted, grow in the Senegal River valley. The middle part is a sandy area like a desert. The south is covered with tropical vegetation. The most important alien animals living in the country are monkeys, antelopes, lions and hyenas. There are crocodiles, hippos and turtles in the streams.
The pink lake in Dakar, the capital of Senegal, is so salty that no living thing can survive, except for bacteria.
Transportation change source]
Air Transport Dakar Léopold Sédar Senghor International Airport has an important place in West African air transport. Air Senegal International, which is a domestic airline, operates flights from Dakar to other parts of Africa and France, as well as to other cities of Senegal, as well as internationally. On the other hand, many regional airlines operate flights to Dakar. Turkish Airlines, Ivorian Airlines, Royal Air Maroc, TunisAir, AirMauritanie, Air Cap Vert, Gambia International, Air Algérie, Air Gabon, Cameroon Airlines, Air Guinea Paramount, Air Burkina can be said to be the most important ones. In addition, Air France, SN Airlines, Alitalia, TAP and Iberia Airlines operate flights from Europe to Dakar.
It is possible to travel by train between Dakar and Bamako (Mali), but delays are often encountered and very crowded due to old technology and broken tracks.
Population change source]
Senegalese Children Playing at N'Gor Beach
Age Group0-1415-6465 AboveTotal
Although Senegal's population growth rate is 2.94 percent, the birth rate has been estimated at 37.94 births per 1,000 people and 8.57 deaths per 1,000 people. It is estimated that 45% of the Senegalese population is between the ages of 15-64, 52% are under 14 years old and only 3% are over 65 years old. In the report published by the World Bank in 2000, it was shown that although 125,000 Senegalese are expected to join the labor force each year, very few of them find a job, thus unemployment is a significant obstacle to the development efforts of the country. For this reason the population control policies of the Senegalese government were designed and adopted to limit the birth rate of Senegalese women.
Demographics change source]
As in many African countries, the ethnic origin of the Senegalese people is also diverse. There are many ethnic groups that make up the Senegalese population, including 43.3% Wolof-Serer, 23.8% Pular, 14.7% Jola, 3% Mandinka, 1.1% Soninke, and 1% European and Lebanese. A few minor ethnic groups also make up the remaining 9.4% of the population. 92% of the country is Muslim, 2% is Christian, while indigenous religions make up the remaining 6%. The official language of the country is French, but many people also speak indigenous languages such as Wolof, Pulaar, Jola or Mandinka.
Administrative Regions change source]
Territories of Senegal
Senegal is divided into 14, regions, each region administered by the ”Conseil Régional”. The country is divided into 45 departments (Départements) and 103 Arondismans (Arrondissements), and the Collectivités Locales decide who the administrative officers will be. .
The regions in question have central regions starting with the same names;
Major Cities change source]
Major Cities of Senegal
Dakar is Senegal's largest city and has over two million residents. The second largest city is Touba, which is administered as a rural area and has a population of half a million.
Dakar (Guédiawaye, and Pikine)2.145.193