All About Ghana Visa. Does Ghana require a Visa? Is there a visa to Ghana? How much is the Ghana visa fee?
DOES GANA WANT A VISA? IS THERE A VISA TO GANA?
Those who want to travel to Ghana; Citizens of the Republic of Turkey holding Bordeaux (Ordinary), Green (Special), Gray (Service) passports are required to obtain a Ghana visa before their travel. However, Turkish citizens with Diplomatic (Black) passports are exempt from visa, provided that it does not exceed 90 days.
WHAT ARE THE GANA VISA TYPES? GANA VISA TYPES
Family, Friend Visa for Visiting,
Ghana VISA REQUIRED DOCUMENTS
Documents Required to Obtain Commercial Visa:
Passport and Photocopy
4 Photographs. Ghana Visa Photo size 35×45 mmYellow
Fever Vaccination Card or Photocopy
Company Documents (Tax plate, Signature Circular, Commercial Gazette)
Travel health insurance
Invitation, Documents of the inviting company (Commerce Of Business, Tax Clearance as well as Activity certificate and tax plate)
Hotel and Flight reservation
Documents Required to Obtain a Tourist Visa
Passport and Photocopy
4 Photographs. Ghana Visa Photo size 35×45 mmYellow
Fever Vaccination Card or Photocopy
Travel health insurance
Hotel and Flight reservation
HOW MANY DAYS FOR A Ghana VISA?
Ghana visa processing time also results in 5-7 working days.
VISA RESULTS IN 2 DAYS FOR THOSE WHO WISH TO GET AN EXPRES EMERGENCY VISA. VISA FEE IS TWICE.
Ghana VISA FEE/ Ghana VISA TARIFF
1 Month Business Visa Fee 130 Euro
3-Month Business Visa Fee 150 Euros
6 Months Business Visa Fee 200 Euros
1 Year Tourist Visa Fee 130 Euro
1 Month Tourist Visa Fee 130 Euro
3 Month Tourist Visa Fee 150 Euro
6 Month Tourist Visa Fee 200 Euro
1 Year Tourist Visa Fee 250 Euro
NOTE: Visa Fees Paid to the Embassy are Never Refunded.
Countries Where Ghana Wants/Doesn't Want a Visa
Those wishing to travel to Ghana are required to obtain a visa unless they come from a visa-exempt country.
Countries where Ghana provides a maximum of 90 days Exemption;
Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Ivory Coast, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Esvatini, Togo
Countries that can obtain a visa with a maximum stay of 30 days on arrival in Ghana;
Lesotho, Malawi, Tanzania, Trinidad and TobagoUgandaZimbabwe
Ghana or officially the Republic of Ghana, is a country located in the west of the African continent. The country's neighbors are Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso and Togo, while the Gulf of Guinea (Atlantic Ocean) is located in the south. Due to gold, which is the most important part of the rich mineral deposits within the borders of the country, the former colony, the United Kingdom, named the country Gold Coast during the colonial period. The country's largest city and capital is Accra.
Name change source]
The name Ghana, given to the country, refers to the Empire of Ghana, the first provable great empire in West Africa. The empire, which was mentioned in the correspondence of the first Arab merchants in the 9th century and was called by that name only by the north African merchants at that time, was called Wagadu or Ta'rikh al-Sudan by its own people.
Geography change source]
Ghana generally has a low geography, and elevations of 900 m can be seen only in certain places. Almost half of the country's land is located at an elevation below 150 m. While the country's total existing border of 2,094 km consists of Burkina Faso with 549 km, Ivory Coast with 668 km and Togo with 877 km, the country also has a coastline of 539 km.
Geographically, the country is divided into three parts as the coastline region, the rainforest region and the savanna region, and it is also divided into five natural areas in terms of surface structure. These areas are the low plains, the Aschanti highlands, the Akwapim-Togo Range, the Volta Basin, and the high plains. The low plains that exist in the coastal part of the country with wide beaches and mangrove areas give way to the Aschanti highlands, which rise up to 450 m above sea level as it moves westward. The Volta Basin, which starts in the eastern part of the highlands, constitutes the largest natural area in the country with an area of 87,000 km². The high plains in the northern parts of the country and the natural areas in Ghana come to an end. The highest points of the country are located on the Akwapim-Togo Mountain Range, which extends from the capital Accra to Togo in the southern region of the country, and there are dense rainforests on the mountain tops and slopes.
An area of 158,000 km², which corresponds to two-thirds of Ghana's land, or 66%, is fed from the source of the Volta River. In the lower reaches of the river, the Akosombo Dam was created artificially with the largest superficial water pond in the world. There are also many rivers throughout the country that originate in the Aschanti region and flow into the Atlantic Ocean.
Climate change source]
Ghana is a country with a tropical climate and does not experience seasonal transitions. Rainy and dry days are seen rather than seasons in the country. In Ghana, where the day and night durations are almost equal, the climate is more humid, rainy and consequently rainforests are common in the south, while in the north there are wide meadows located in the transition zone between tropical rainforests and dry deserts in the drier and less rainy parts. Harmattan winds blowing from the northeastern part of the country cause the dry period between November and February. The West African Monsun system causes rainy periods with abundant precipitation. The average annual precipitation is over 2,000 mm in the coastal part of the country in the outermost southwestern region, where the most precipitation occurs. While this rate is around 1,000 mm in the northern regions, annual precipitation averages of up to 2,200 mm are seen in the western coastal regions and especially in the city of Aksim. In the capital Accra, this ratio is around 800 mm. The humidity and wetness of the southwestern regions causes the existence of evergreen rainforests and a transition to tropical forests is observed in this area.
Mountains change source]
The Akwapim-Togo Range, consisting of the mountainous and hilly foothills of the Atakora Range in Togo and Benin, starts from Accra and continues along the Togo border, crossing the border and continuing into Togo. Waterfalls are very common in these regions. There are dense rainforests on the tops and slopes of mountains with a volcanic past.
The highest point of the country is Mount Afadjato with 885 m, near the village of Liati Wote on the border with Togo, while the second highest mountain is Mount Dzebobo, which is also located close to the border with Togo and has an altitude of 876 m. While both mountains are part of the Akwapim-Togo Mountain Range, Mount Akwapim, which gives the mountain range its name, is the fourth highest mountain in the country.
Streams and lakes change source]
Volta reservoir is located in the center of the country with an area of 8,502 km². The dam, fed by the Black Volta, White Volta, Afram, Daka and Oti rivers, was formed by the Akosombo dam.
Bosumtvi Lake, which is estimated to have a history of one million years in the country and thought to have been formed as a result of the fall of a meteor, and where no water source enters or exits, is located 32 km from Kumasi, the central city of the Ashanti region. It also has an important position among the people.
The country also has smaller rivers that flow into the Atlantic Ocean, such as the Pra, Bia, Ankobra and Tano rivers.
Vegetation and wildlife change source]
There are many varieties of plants and animals throughout the country. Especially tropical rainforests cause biodiversity. However, while the rainforests destroyed in recent years were in a position covering an area of 85,000 km² in the 20th century, this ratio decreased by more than half to 40,000 km² in this century. There is a 1.7% annual forest loss across the country.
The rainforests, which have an evergreen color, are in a position covered with trees that can reach 50 m in height, 3 m in thickness and can last 300 years. Meliaceae, Azobé, Sapeli (Entandrophragma cylindricum), Khaya trees constitute the majority in these sections, while fig, epiphyte, salepaceae, cola and Hevea brasiliensis trees and plants are also abundant. Apart from these, more than 1,200 palm tree varieties are observed in the country.
Fruit and flower plants such as pineapple, banana, plantain, avocado, papaya, Psidium guajava, orange, citrus, Vanilla planifolia, hibiscus, firewood and fuchsia are planted, especially in areas where forest areas have been destroyed.
Baobab trees, which are generally found alone, are observed in the savannah areas, and many palm trees are seen together with the Mangrove forests in the coastal areas.
The wildlife in the country is very diverse. In addition to tropical bird species such as parrots, hornbills, eagles, woodpeckers, guinea fowl and pigeons, many migratory bird flocks can be observed in these lands. There are also many types of waterfowl on river banks and wetlands.
Many mammals live in Ghana. Lion, leopard, elephant, civet cat, bison, hippopotamus, button pig and many antelope species are especially seen in the savannah. In addition, monkey species such as chimpanzees, many macaques and baboons can be observed frequently.
Reptiles such as geckos, lizards, iguanas, varan and crocodiles are found in wild life, while bovine fly, tsetse fly and anopheles are seen in the insect family. Termite hills formed by termites are also frequently encountered in the country.
Ghana's Atlantic Ocean coast is one of the richest marine species in the world.
Population change source]
Ghana has a multinational state structure. There are many ethnic groups in the country. The communities of these ethnic groups range from a few hundred thousand to several million. Compared to previous years, there is an increase in marriages between different ethnic groups, which obscures the differences between marriages and ethnic groups. Due to this situation, it makes it difficult to determine the total population of ethnic groups in the country, and therefore different data can be obtained from many different sources.
14.5%other Ghanaian ethnic groups
The most important ethnic group constituting the majority in the country is Akan with 47%. Apart from this, Dagombas, Eveler, Galar and Gurmas constitute other ethnic groups. Over 100 different ethnic groups share 14.5% of the existing community in Ghana. 1.5% of the population exists in the country, while other communities are composed of Europeans, Chinese and Lebanese.
Ghana has a middle-young population, with 56.44% of them aged 0-24, according to 2018 estimates. 4.30% of the country is 65 years or older, which is higher than the average in other African countries.
0-14 years: 38.2% (male 5,344,146/female 5,286.383)
Ages 15-24: 18.66% (male 5,286,383/female 2,629,660)
25-54 years: 34.05% (male 4,663,234/female 4,950,888)
55-64 years: 4.91% (male 690,327/female 727,957)
Age 65 and over: 4.19% (male 557,155/female 652.331)
In the country, whose rate of inhabitants is 56.7% according to 2019 data, the annual population increase rate is 2.16% according to 2016 estimation data.
Language change source]
With 79 different languages existing in the country, linguistic diversity is at a high level. The official language of the country is English. Apart from the official language, the most spoken local language in the country is the Akan language. 80% of the population can speak and understand this language. Many children in Ghana can learn more than one language by the time they reach school age. English, which is the official language at school age, and/or Akan, the most spoken local language, are added to these languages. Today, the population speaking many languages in Ghana is facing the danger of extinction due to the decrease in migration to metropolitan cities, the mixing of many languages as a result of marriages between ethnic groups.
In recent years, French has gained importance in the country. With the steps taken by the government, efforts are being made to popularize French, especially in the field of education. The country has also been an associate member of the Francophone union since 2006.
Religion change source]
The dominant religion throughout the country is the Christian religion, and 71.2% of the population lives according to the Christian faith. As for the sectarian distribution within the Christian religion, 28.3% of the population live their faith in Pentacosm, 18.4% Protestant, 13.1% Catholic, 11.4% according to other Christian denominations. The rate of the population in the country who adopts Islam as a religion and practices their beliefs in this direction is 17.6%. In addition, 5.2% of the people who believe in local African religions and 0.8% believe in other religions live in Ghana. According to 2010 data, 5.2% of the population states that they do not belong to any religion.
Social status change source]
Health change source]
The health system across the country is being advanced in two ways. In addition to the health services obtained by the Ghana state from international aid organizations, health services are provided within the country with traditional local methods. With the investments made and improved health services in recent years, there has been a decrease in infant mortality at birth, steps have been taken towards healthier nutrition of expectant mothers, and vaccination procedures have been carried out to meet 80% of the population. In the health system, where significant steps were not taken until the end of the 1980s, positive distances were achieved with a 7% share allocated from the budget between 1992 and 2002 and the aid of international organizations.
In addition to the tropical diseases malaria, cholera, typhoid fever, tuberculosis and yellow fever, hepatitis A and B are frequently observed throughout Ghana. Apart from these, Schistosomiasis and polio diseases are also intensely experienced throughout the country. In 1974, it was stated that 75% of the diseases in the country were caused by the lack of clean water. 40% of deaths in the country are due to malaria.
According to 2007 data, the rate of adult carriers of HIV virus is 1.7% throughout the country.
Education change source]
Since the country's independence in 1957, children from the age of six have been required to attend school for nine years in Ghana. In the country, where the education system of the colonial United Kingdom was tried to be implemented in the first period, the system change was carried out for the first time in 1986 under the power of Jerry Rawlings. In the first years of independence, only 450,000 children were provided with the opportunity to attend primary school, but this rate has increased significantly with the inclusion of almost every village in the system today. After six years of primary education, students visit the school called Junior Secondary School for 3 years, which is the last part of compulsory education. At the end of compulsory education, students who wish can continue their education by going to the Senior Secondary School.
The rate of literate people over the age of 15 across the country is 71.5% according to 2010 estimates. While this rate is only 78.3% for men, it is lower with 65.3% for women.
Education data (2005)
Literacy rate (2010) 78.3% Male, 65.3% Female
Primary school attendance rate 65% Boys, 65% Girls
Attendance rate after compulsory education is 39% Male, 35% Female
Average years of education (2007)9 Years
Date change source]
Humans first came to the lands where Ghana exists today, between 150,000 and 200,000 years ago. Since the climate of that period was the same as today's climate, the conditions were favorable for agriculture and animal husbandry. These groups, formed by communities belonging to the Sangoan culture, left the region due to the severe drought that started 25,000 years ago and lasted until 13,000 years ago, and the related agricultural activities could not be sustained. Although it is not certain when the area will be inhabited again since this date, the oldest remains found were pottery remains from 5,800 years ago.
Pre-colonial period change source]
Great kingdoms and empires in the history of the country were established in the regions located in the north of today's Ghana. At the beginning of the 15th century, the Dagombas declared the Dagomba Kingdom, in the 16th century the Mamprusi, and in the 17th century the Gonjas declared their kingdoms in these regions. All these kingdoms were influenced by the Mossi ethnic group in Burkina Faso in terms of culture and lifestyle, and they provided their security with the mounted cavalry they formed. They could not move the borders of Central Ghana based on the rain forests further due to the presence of the tsetse fly, which affects mainly horse breeding, animal husbandry and agriculture in the region.
The middle parts of Ghana, which did not have any settlements until the 1200s, began to settle down with the Akan communities who came further down from the north on this date. In the region, which witnessed a rapid migration especially at the end of the 15th century and the beginning of the 16th century, the disconnected Akan communities united and formed kingdoms such as the Bono Kingdom. With the Ashanti Kingdom, which was established in 1680, the scattered kingdoms were abolished, and the Ashanti united all the Akan kingdoms under its dominance, and after this period, it frequently came into conflict with the Europeans.
In the southern parts of the country, Fanties, Galar, Eves and other small ethnic groups lived in these regions today. These communities living in this region during the 15th and 16th centuries could not establish a central government and a state structure. They encountered these small groups when Europeans first entered this region from the coastal part.
First contact with Europeans change source]
The people living on the coastlines of the region met Europeans in very early dates. Especially the Portuguese merchants and soldiers, who were the first Europeans to come to this region since 1471, increased their relations with the Europeans to a higher level. Only 11 years after they came to this region, in 1482, they made an agreement with the local tribal chiefs and built the Elmina Castle, which they could use as a base on the coast. After the Portuguese, many more Europeans, mainly from Denmark, Sweden, the Netherlands, Britain and France, came to the region, built castles in agreement with the locals and fought with each other over time. No coastal area of the African continent has forts and bases built by Europeans as close to each other as in this part of Ghana. This proximity was made in the distance of sight between some castles. These castles were not built as the property of the Europeans, the areas where the castles were built were rented by the tribal chief for a fee. The castles were not created with the colonial idea for that period, but were built as a commercial base. In the first years, Europeans were in this region due to their interest in spices and gold mines, and in the following years, the slave trade, which was especially designed to be sent to America, was added. In return for this trade, the Africans obtained weapons, ammunition and materials. These first contacts with the Europeans proceeded differently from the colonial colonial system that would occur in the following years, Africans and Europeans were trading on equal terms. The slaves given to the Europeans at that time were given by wealthy natives for a fee and did not involve any coercion or raid of any Europeans.
By the 1800s, the British and Dutch began to dominate the region more by gaining superiority over other Europeans.
Ashanti Kingdom period change source]
See also: Ashanti Kingdom
The Ashanti Kingdom, which was created by gathering the scattered Akan kingdoms under one roof in 1680, continued its existence until 1896.
The kingdom, whose borders are mostly formed by the current state of Ghana, is also known as the Ashanti Federation because it does not interfere in the internal affairs of the countries it incorporates. The kingdom, which continued its commercial relations with the Dutch until the colonial system intensified, started to have problems with the interest of the British in the region where the gold reserves were concentrated, and the understanding of equal trade based on trust between the African natives and the Europeans was replaced by the stronger Europeans in the military and especially the British on the local people. left him with an oppressive attitude.
With the four different Ashanti Wars in the 19th century, the Ashanti forces and the British forces came face to face, and as a result of the last of these, the one between 1894 and 1896, the existence of the Ashanti Kingdom was ended and the region was taken under the protection of the United Kingdom. This last pre-war Ashanti king accepted to be under British protection in order not to lose his throne, but the British rejected this proposal in case the gold-rich region would be annexed by the French and German colonial administrations in the future, thus ending the existence of the country completely and became the sole ruler of the lands. After this event, the Golden Throne War took place as the continuation and the fifth of the Ashanti Wars. A small number of Ashanti who were not exiled abroad did not surrender the throne to the British and hid it in a dense forest area, and this throne was only found by the British in 1920. The United Kingdom has fully incorporated the territories it has dominated since 1896, as part of the Gold Coast colonial system, as of January 1, 1902.
The road to colonization 1821-1900 change source]
At the beginning of the 19th century, there were only three countries that had bases in the region for commercial activities. British, Dutch and Danish merchants had not severed their ties with the private trading forts they had on the Gold Coast. In 1821, the British government took an important step and connected the area to the Colonial Ministry in London as the Gold Coast Colony, despite the efforts of the tradesmen and settlers to discourage the existing British forts. In 1874, the region was declared as a royal colony, the Ashanti Kingdom ceased to exist in 1902, and it took over the dominance of the inner Ashanti region and the northern regions, and the colony was administered by the governor in Accra. All tribal leaders in the region were subordinated to the governor with an indirect form of administration, and a legislative council of 29 people was formed in the actually colonized coastline region, and nine Africans were elected to this council.
During World War II, 40,000 soldiers from this region fought on behalf of the United Kingdom, many of which were deployed in Southeast Asia.
Road to independence change source]
With a new regulation made in 1946, it was decided to send representatives from the Ashanti region and northern regions to the legislative council, thus strengthening the local representatives in the field of representation.
The United Gold Coast Convention Party (UGCC) movement, which was founded in 1947 under the leadership of Kwame Nkrumah, came to the forefront as a result of the turmoil and conflicts that took place a year later, and its senior executives, including Nkrumah, were held responsible and arrested. This event constitutes an important turning point in the history of Ghana.
In the next two years, Nkrumah -which left the UGCC and founded the Convention People's Party (CPP) - demanded the right of the country to govern itself from the United Kingdom, with the boycotts and strikes it organized throughout the country. Nkrumah was arrested by the British in 1950 as a result of these events. Despite this, the CPP achieved great success in the first elections, and they won the second elections held a year later with an overwhelming majority. As a result of these developments, the governor Charles Noble had to release Arden-Clarke Nkrumah and take him into the government. In March 1952, Nkrumah was elected prime minister of the Gold Coast Crown Colony as a result of a secret ballot by the legislature.
Independence change source]
On March 6, 1957, the British Crown colony Gold Coast and British Togoland gained their independence as Ghana. A year before the declaration of independence, in the referendum held in the western part of Togoland, which the United Kingdom took from Germany as a result of World War II, in 1956, a large part of the people accepted to unite with this newly formed country.
The determination of independence as March 6 was done deliberately. At that time, the Fanti Federation came under British rule by making an agreement with the British Kingdom, and this domination ended in 1901 with the annexation of the Ashanti Kingdom and its northern regions.
Ghana, which is the first country among the countries located in the western parts of the African continent, to which black people declared their independence, did not completely break its ties with Britain in the post-independence periods, in the same way, as the first country of black Africa in the British Commonwealth, it maintained bilateral relations as an associate member.
Military coups change source]
Although the country gained its independence, it had power struggles in a short time. The military coups in Ghana in 1966, 1972, 1978 and 1979 did not solve the problems experienced by the members of the army, and even caused more deadlock and problems. Especially in the 1970s, when the military junta was under the rule of Ignatius Kutu Acheampong, debts increased, public order deteriorated even more.
In 1985, a union was made with Burkina Faso under the name of the West African Union for a short time, but this was not a long-term union, and this union abruptly ended with the coup in Burkina Faso in 1987, which resulted in the murder of Thomas Sankara.
1992 and later change source]
Jerry Rawlings, who played the leading role in the coups in previous years and took power in the country in the 1981 coup after the failed coup attempt in 1979, took steps in the name of democratization, initiated a democratic new constitution, paved the way for independent elections and approved the transition to the multi-party system. Rawlings, removing barriers to freedom of press and opinion, endorsed the human rights clauses, which recognize that everyone is equal before the law and which is approved by the UN. Rawlings, who held the office he obtained in 1981 until 2001, was unable to participate in the 2001 elections due to the new constitution, so John Agyekum Kufuor won and came to power. Kufuor, who also won the 2004 elections, could not participate in the 2008 elections for a third presidential term as required by law, and John Atta Mills became the new president of Ghana in the two-round elections held when the candidate who won the majority was not nominated. John Dramani Mahama, one of the vice presidents, was appointed to this position as a result of the unexpected death of Mills in July 2012, who held this position until 2012. He was officially elected to the office with the by-elections held in December 2012.